How to get a Plumbing Apprenticeship

So you want to get a plumbing apprenticeship. How can i be a plumber’s apprentice? This is a question I often get asked. How to get an apprenticeship can be done in different ways. Plumbing is a great industry to get in to especially with the economy the way it is. However plumbing is not just toilets and sinks as some people seem to believe it is. Plumbing can take you in a variety of different paths not just toilets and sinks. Typically plumbers can be paid a good living wage.

How To find an Apprenticeship

The easiest and fastest way to become a plumber is to obtain an apprenticeship. To find an apprenticeship you just simply print out some resumes and go to every plumbing company around even if there not hiring an apprentice still drop off a resume and ask them to keep it on file for when they are hiring. I always recommend dropping off a resume as opposed to emailing it. Make sure you go to the plumbing shop early, you have a better chance at getting seen by someone in charge, and it will look good on you that you can get up before the crack of noon. Make sure to include in your resumé any plumbing knowledge that you may have that could help you in getting an apprenticeship. Do not lie about this, should you get a job with the company they might put your plumbing knowledge to the test. A master plumber wont mind teaching an apprentice that knows nothing, they have a clean slate which is good.

Go to a Trade School

If you have exhausted your search for an apprenticeship, and you have been to all your local plumbing shop and still would like to be a plumber, then you could try a trade school. These schools teach plumbing and usually offer a 1-2 year program. These schools are great for beginner’s that need a full introduction into general plumbing. What a trade school can do for you is provide you with some knowledge of plumbing. Typically the trade school will also knock off some hours that you will need in your apprenticeship. Going to a trade school will not make you a plumber however and you will still need to obtain an apprenticeship from a licensed plumbing company. What a Trade School will do is help dramatically in finding you a plumbing company that will take you on as a plumbing apprentice.

In conclusion the best way to become a plumber and really the only way is to find a plumbing company to take you on and give you an apprenticeship. Even if they wont give you an apprenticeship its good to get your foot in the door and learn a few things. You may find that finding a plumbing company to apprentice you difficult but do not give up. I personally took my resume to over 10 plumbing company’s before I finally found one to give me an apprenticeship.

PlumbingHow – How to Plumbing

Welcome to PlumbingHow.com a website dedicated to helping out you the homeowner with all your plumbing how to problems in your home. Here we offer everything from fixing a bathtub drain to roughing in a new bathroom, to what to look for if you need to hire a plumber..

Basic Swimming pool Water Chemistry

Pool pH & Pool Alkalinity The pH and Alkalinity levels of swimming pool water affect many areas of the swimming pool and must be kept at the correct levels if you expect to successfully maintain your swimming pool. The Alkalinity of pool water acts as a buffer for the pH, and helps prevent the pool pH level from fluctuating. The Alkalinity should be maintained at 80 – 120 ppm. The pH is the measure of the acidity of the swimming pool water, and the pH level should be maintained at 7. 2 – 7. 6 ppm. The pH of pool water is somewhat sensitive, but easily controlled if the Alkalinity is kept in range. All basic pool test kits should read the pH and Alkalinity level of pool water, and these levels are easily adjusted with common water balancing pool chemicals. If the pool pH level is not kept in range pool water may irritate the skin and eyes of swimmers, corrode the pool surface and inside of the pool equipment and make it very hard to maintain the chlorine level of the swimming pool.

Pool Chlorine Stabilizer The chemical name of pool “Stabilizer” is Cyanuric Acid and it is referred to by either title. The Stabilizer level of swimming pool water must be maintained at 30-50 ppm. The Stabilizer level is important, but is typically only tested at the beginning of the swimming season when a pool is opened. The Stabilizer in swimming pool water partially surrounds the chlorine on a molecular level, to protect the chlorine and prevent the chlorine from being quickly burned off and used up by the sun. The symptoms of having too much Stabilizer or too little stabilizer in your pool water are very similar, and if you experience problems maintaining a chlorine level when all other chemical levels are properly balanced the stabilizer level should be tested.

If the Stabilizer level tests lower than 30 ppm it will be difficult to maintain a chlorine level, because any chlorine added to your swimming pool will quickly evaporate and burn off in direct sunlight. If the Stabilizer level tests above 50 ppm it will also be difficult to maintain a chlorine level. Rather than partially surrounding the chlorine in your pool water to protect the chlorine, too much stabilizer will completely surround the chlorine making it inactive. In this state the chlorine is unable to combine with bacteria and harmful contaminants to sanitize your swimming pool. Stabilizer can be added to a swimming pool if necessary to raise the level, however once Stabilizer is present in pool water it cannot be easily removed. To reduce the amount of Stabilizer in a swimming pool the water must be diluted by partially draining the pool and re-filling with fresh water. 25% of the pool water should be drained and replaced with fresh water.

The pool should be circulated for 12-24 hours, and the Stabilizer level should be tested again. This process should be repeated until the Stabilizer level is within range. The chlorine tablets and granular chlorine used to sanitize a swimming pool on a daily basis is a pre-stabilized form of chlorine. This means that the chlorine contains a small amount of stabilizer, and as chlorine is added to the pool a very small amount of Stabilizer is also added to help maintain the level. This small amount of Stabilizer constantly added with pool chlorine does not cause a problem in outdoor swimming pools because water is splashed out or evaporates, and gets replaced with fresh water to dilute the Stabilizer. This pre-stabilized form of chlorine cannot be used in indoor swimming pools, because much less water evaporation occurs and the stabilizer level will slowly buildup. Indoor swimming pool owners need to use an un-stabilized form of chlorine.

Calcium Hardness The calcium hardness of swimming pool water refers to the amount of the mineral calcium present in the pool water. The calcium hardness should be maintained at 80-150 ppm in a pool with a vinyl liner, or 150-200 ppm in a concrete or plaster finish pool. Low levels of calcium hardness can lead to corrosive water conditions, which may damage the pool surface, pool equipment and pool plumbing. If the water in a plaster or masonry finish pool becomes corrosive, the water will absorb calcium from the pool walls and floor by eating away at the pool surface until the hardness level nears 150 ppm. The calcium hardness level can be easily raised using a Calcium Hardness Increaser available from most pool supply dealers.

High levels of calcium hardness may lead to cloudy pool water and “scaling”. Scaling is most visible around the water line of a swimming pool as a white chalky deposit, but also forms inside pool equipment and pool plumbing. A pool Calcium Hardness Reducer chemical is available from most pool supply companies to lower the hardness to the desired range for your pool. You may also partially drain and refill a swimming pool with fresh water, which has a lower concentration of Calcium. Calcium is present in the water used to fill the pool and in the pool chemicals used to treat the water. The pool chemical that adds the most calcium to pool water is standard chlorine pool shock. If you find that your calcium hardness level is too high, read the label of the pool shock you’ve been using and you will likely find that the active ingredient is calcium hypochlorite.

Each time this pool shock is added to the pool water, calcium is added to the water. To prevent this problem begin using Chlorine-Free Pool Shock on a regular basis, instead of standard chlorine pool shock (Calcium Hypochlorite). The active ingredient in chlorine-free pool shock is Potassium Monopersulfate, which does the same job of oxidizing bacteria and harmful organics but does not contain any calcium. If you choose to switch to chlorine-free shock you should always still keep the standard chlorine pool shock on hand, because it is the only pool chemical capable of killing algae.

Venturing Kitchen Improvement – Remodeling the kitchen Your Own Way

Have you thought of improving or remodeling your kitchen but do not know where to start? Kitchen improvement is not as hard as what you think. With basic knowledge of the things necessary in kitchen remodeling, you can already give your kitchen a distinctive look.

Going through improvisation or renovation of the kitchen is choosing your interiors. So where shall we start?

Wall paper or paint? This is the most common question in decorating kitchens. Actually, anything can go with your kitchen wall. Paint can give your wall a simple one-colored skin. If you believe that simplicity is beauty then you may be using a good paint for your wall. But when you want something unique, you can go with wall papers. They are usually colorful and lightly designed to suit a serene yet free kitchen ambiance. There are several kitchen wall paper rolls available in the market.

Assuring flooring. There are many types of flooring you can have for your kitchen. Choose among vinyl, laminated, tile, wood and linoleum (and may be add carpet on it). There is only one thing to consider in installing kitchen floor. That is the durability of the material you will use. Whatever type of flooring you choose to put in there it is necessary to know if it will last long to the kind of environment you will be installing them on.

Acing countertop. Basically your cabinet shall go with your counter tops or the other way around. But it can also be different depending on what style you want your countertops should be. There are just several things that you should consider when choosing countertops. These are: strength, stain resistance, made of burn-proof material, elegance, durability and price.

Cabinet madness. Cabinets are functional vaults where you can keep supplies, silver wares and other kitchen equipments. There is variety of this in the market. You can choose from a wide variety of white kitchen cabinets to a wide selection of dark wood cabinets.
Dark colored cabinets can give your kitchen elegance. It is something that brings the spirit of class in the kitchen. Conversely, white kitchen cabinets connote modern living. But it is also good to do a little of experimenting combing class elegance and modernity. Just be sure that you know the proper blending.

Cabinets can go with countertops. So it is essential that this two will go together, not necessarily the materials that are used but the color per se. It is just a matter of creativity to handle these two.

Curtains galore. Choosing a curtain might be very tricky. Some wants it to be stylish but not domineering. The best thing to do is matching the curtain’s color to the color of the wallpaper or the paint on your wall or the flooring to emphasize the beauty of the color you had chosen. That may be speaks of the general rule. Or say, chose the complementary of the colors you use for the flooring or for the wall. It can also be good.

Other things that should also be considered are the lighting, faucets and sink.

Ways On Acquiring Excellent Dog House Plans

We know for a fact that domesticated carnivorous mammals or dogs are cuddly, intelligent and entertaining. As well, dogs are man’s best friends. Also, normally favored as pets for lots of people today are dogs.

When you’re breeding dogs, your number one priority is their security and safety. That explains why making and providing dogs with hardy and sturdy cages are essential. Putting that into reality, acquiring competent and exceptional dog house plans from a trustworthy contractor is a major requirement because that’s where triumph on creating and giving dogs with dependable cages begin.

Picking out exceptional plans from a competent contractor is easy if beforehand, you have enough knowledge or ideas on how to acquire exceptional dog building plans. If you already have those smart ideas on how to get exceptional plans then pulling them out now is a brainy concept.

In contrast, if you don’t have methodical ways on acquiring fantastic dog building plans yet, then be bothered no more because that’s what we’re going to unfold next.

Ways on gaining perfect dog house plans.

1. Don’t procure dog house plans from just anybody else’s rather procure them from an honorable contractor because that would give you assurance to pick out excellent dog house plans. Always remind yourself to get plans from a respectable builder simply because that is the right thing to do.

2. Let’s face it, not all plans provide detailed construction guide, thus, being extra-careful when selecting dog house plans are important because that’s how you’ll end up acquiring plans with adequate information. So, whether you’re a professional or an amateur carpenter, obtaining dog building plans with complete architectural specifications are always a wonderful choice for you.

3. You’ll know that you’re dealing with great plans if they provide you excellent architectural specifications, or construction drawings. So put in mind that great dog building plans are always occurring with perfectly formed blueprints.

4. If you know your dogs’ personality well, without a question, you will end up getting the right dog building plans that accurately match to dogs’ character. For instance, if dogs are intense or exhibiting aggression, then you have to choose securely locked up dog building plans. Or, if dogs are submissive, then you have to select or search for laid-back or downbeat dog house plans.

Now, after you’ve learned great ways on acquiring fabulous dog house plans, I’m absolute that you can no longer wait to acquire those plans today!

Multi-Generational House Plans and other Home Design Trends for 2012

America’s economic slump has had a significant influence on home designs. Before the great Recession hit, lavish “McMansions” were popular. In contrast, many of today’s homebuyers are looking for small house plans that can help them minimize heating costs as well as their mortgage payments. Flexibility is another “must have” in family house plans. With new appreciation for economic unpredictability, many Americans have abandoned the idea of upgrading to larger homes as their families grow. Instead, multi-generational house designs are gaining in popularity, since these flexible family home plans can easily sustain a new baby, a returning graduate, or an aging parent.

Another reason why multi-generational house plans are trendy at the moment is that Americans’ life expectancy is longer than ever. Hoping to live comfortably in their own homes as long as possible (rather than being hauled off into a nursing home), many homebuyers are thinking ahead and looking for family home plans that are designed for people of all ages and physical abilities.

Here are a few more top home design trends for 2012.

1. Bigger garages – but not for cars.

Designers of family home plans are favoring larger garages, but not for the reason you might expect. Rather than storing an extra set of wheels, Americans are using these larger garages as “flex space, ” for storage or living space, as needed. For instance, while one family may choose to store clutter in the extra garage space, another may transform an extra garage bay into a “man cave” den, where Dad and his buddies can hang out. Ultimately, additional space in the garage is appealing to modern buyers because it can quickly be shifted to alternative purposes if needed.

2. Accessibility for all Age Groups.

A new survey conducted by the American Institute of Architects found that almost half of American architects rank accessibility as a growing preference among homeowners. Multi-generational house plans designed for age-in-place comfort often feature attributes such as:

-No-twist faucet handles, to avoid arthritic pain. These faucets are activated through a lifting action that completely avoids the wrist pain that is so common among older Americans.

-Minimizing stairs. Because stairs can be difficult or even impossible for seniors to navigate, many multigenerational home plans are designed on a single level.

-Bars to provide stability in slippery spaces, such as bathrooms.

Because such features are appealing to a broad swath of homeowners, family house plans that feature universal design often maintain a high property value over time.

3. Multiple Master Suites.

Small home designs don’t have to feel cramped. Architects are creating multiple family arrangements within in the same home to provide a comfortable living arrangement for different generations of residents. For instance, rather than having all living spaces connected, a separate bathroom/bedroom/kitchenette suite in the back of a home can be accessed through a separate entrance. This preserves family members’ privacy.

4. “Command Centers” within other rooms.

Back in the nineties, family house plans often included a distinct office area. Today, in contrast, the popularity of small home plans inspire such work zones to be located within other rooms. As an example, a designer may feature a kitchen nook with a desk, bookcase, and paper storage area for bills. That way, Dad can keep an eye on dinner while doing the family finances.

Affordable House Plans: 8 Tips for How to find Them

The current economic climate is causing many consumers to look for savings opportunities. This article explains how you can obtain affordable home plans by limiting construction and maintenance costs. Even if your design budget is small, house plans are available to fit your needs.

1. Limit your Square Footage.

Sky-high construction and energy costs, combined with a movement toward simplicity and eco-friendliness, have increased the popularity of small house plans. Choosing a cozy home over a McMansion makes it less expensive to build and maintain your custom home. Eco-bonus: less square footage equates to a smaller carbon footprint.

2. Rank the most important Features in your home.

Create a list of features that your new home must have, and another list of characteristics that you’d like, but that aren’t mandatory. For instance, if you’re constructing a new home to make space for a family, having a minimum of three bedrooms would probably land on your “must have” list. However, if you luxuriate in the tub only once or twice a year, a built-in bathtub might be listed under “Nice to have, But Not necessary. ” Prioritizing your needs in this way will help limit the costs of your home plans. Insisting on luxury features such as fireplaces and pools will make it harder to achieve affordable house plans.

3. Include Built-Ins to give the Impression of Larger Square Footage.

Even if you’re building with a set of small house plans, your home can feel spacious. Smart design techniques, such as open floor plans and built-in storage, can help you maximize the utility and comfort of your new space. Natural light also has a big influence on how we perceive area, so include plenty of windows in your home plans to fully capitalize on your square footage.

4. Create Attractive Outdoor space by adding a Deck/Patio.

Many climates allow homeowners to use covered patios for the majority of the year. In places like Portland, light rain rules during the winter months, but it’s never too cold to preclude outdoor lounging. If you enjoy relaxing outside, consider adding a covered outdoor space to extend the livable area in your small house plans. A covered patio can also make an excellent setting for parties.

5. Limit the number of Plumbing Cores.

While browsing affordable house plans, you may notice that plumbing fixtures are often aligned over the same vertical space. For instance, you might see that the upstairs bathroom is located directly above the downstairs kitchen sink. Consolidating plumbing cores helps limit costs by decreasing the number of pipes, water heaters, and other plumbing parts that must be purchased.

6. Look for Simple Rooflines.

Roof ornaments such as dorm windows are charming, but costly. Simple rooflines are typically included in more affordable house plans.

7. Select Stock Plans.

You don’t need to hire an architect to build a beautiful, comfortable home. By choosing a stock house plan instead of paying for custom design services, you can save a good deal of money and still achieve the home plans of your dreams. Stock home plans are available in a plethora of configurations and styles.

8. Build up, not out.

Adding a story to increase space in your small house plans will generally incur fewer costs than adding more ground-level space.

5 Reasons Bath Design and Bath Decor Are important

When thinking of bath design and bath decor there are several reasons why this is important. The old-fashioned concept of a bathroom was to divert attention away from it considering it merely a room that serviced necessary daily functions. The modern view is that the bathroom is the second household room in order of importance and value, with the kitchen winning top honors.

How a bathroom is arranged, outfitted with fixtures, and finally accessories are of great importance.

1. One reason is that it is such a frequently used room for many purposes. Today, a lot of attention is given to grooming which can occupy a fair amount of time. Relaxation is another important function in the bath design of today with all the improvements in fixtures that provide both relaxation and therapeutic benefit.

Showers have improved from just being a place to quickly bathe under a stream of warm water and get on with your life, to a place to enjoy and often relish. Modern shower enclosures can be outfitted with showerheads providing everything from a warm soothing stream to an invigorating pulsating massage. And these benefits may not just come from a showerhead, but also from shower panels that provide water delivery to different parts of the body and also in various speeds and modes. Think of it as a whirlpool bath while standing.

And, of course, the high ticket shower enclosures may include television, radio, MP3 player, lighting synchronized to water flow, or even a hands-free phone.

And tubs have also come along with time. Yes, they are still basically a vessel holding water to relax and/or bathe in, but they come in various styles, shapes, depths, and also may supply water through strategically placed jets.

All these improvements make a bathroom a pretty appealing place in which to spend time.

2. Another reason for attention to bath design and bath decor is that it is one of the rooms most frequently seen by visitors to your home. Have you thought about that? How many of your visitors are likely to go into your master bedroom while they are visiting? Few, I would guess. But most guests who are in your home for a good talk, a couple of drinks etc. will in all likelihood visit your bath.

3. Bathrooms are only usually renovated every several years, either small changes or large. The decisions you make will be with you for an extensive period, so it only makes sense to take the time and focus it needs to get it right.

4. This is a smaller room usually than the other rooms in a home. For that reason every item and fixture creates greater impact than in a more spacious room where there are more furnishing and fixtures in a room for the eye to focus it’s attention on.

Also, most of a bath’s major furnishings or fixtures serve important functions and need to be selected with care. Some of these items may be a bit costly, but in relation to other items in the home they are long-standing and usually durable. Most people who have run a household for any time will tell you they have replaced their living room furnishings far more times than their bathtub, shower or vanity.

5. And finally bath decor is the icing on the cake. It’s what gives this space it’s personality and color.

This should be considered when setting up your bath design. Items not likely for replacement often, such as fixtures and flooring, should be selected in neutral tones to allow for changes in decor periodically to stay up with current trends and keep an otherwise well maintained and outfitted bathroom from looking behind the times and worn.

Guide To find the Best Online Furniture Store in town

In the vast market of e-commerce, we have an array of options to choose from when it comes to shopping furniture online. But, do you have any idea about which one is the best of all? A reasonable customer, for obvious reasons, tries to find a furniture store which sells unique and affordable furniture. Moreover, additional services like free home delivery and a long-term guarantee are also taken into consideration.

Finding an online store that sells furniture you need, and, provides the services you require, takes lot of effort- from researching among a wide list of furniture stores to making the judgement, the process is quite time consuming.

Well, we are here to ease down your search for the Holy grail you are looking for! Here are the tips that will take you the online furniture store you are searching for:

Design

The design of the furniture is the first and most important factor to consider as you do not want your furnishings to resemble any others’! Hence, take your time and look through the varieties in designs and patterns of furniture on different furniture sites. Also, look for certain add-on features in furniture, in case, you are buying a bed, see if the bed comes with a storage, or, in case of shoe racks, see if the rack comes with a closing option or not.

Timely Delivery

A good seller is one who adheres to the promised deadline and delivers the products on the scheduled date. Same goes for an online furniture seller. In order to make sure that you will get the ordered furniture well in time, go through the past buyer’s reviews and proceed forward if you find them satisfying.

Customization

Who wants to have a dining chair or dressing table just same as their next neighbor is having? Thus, the ability to provide the customized furniture sets a furniture store apart from others. This service is quite rare and you should find yourself lucky if you stumble upon a furniture store which sells custom furniture online. Customization allows making the furniture more unique and space convenient. In addition, you can style your house in a uniformly attractive manner by getting it tailored as per your taste.

Cost

We all value our money and use a great amount of our time to find the best deals online, which is a judicious choice too!!! Thus, to grab best deals on online furniture, compare the prices at which various furniture stores sell furniture items. Also, don’t forget to see to the hidden expenses like delivery or return charges.

Easy Returns/Exchange

It is not always that you have to keep what you are delivered by the furniture seller. You may find some issue with the delivered furniture item and may need to return it. In this scenario, the online furniture seller should provide you the option for easy & fast return/exchange.

Furniture reflects the personality and status of the person living in the house. In order to buy living room furniture, dining room furniture or bedroom furniture online shopping is a great idea as you get a large number of furniture designs to choose from but make sure that you end up landing at a quality furniture store which provides you great discount and choices on buying furniture online.

Swimming pool Designs for Maximum Fun and Enjoyment

The first thing you need to consider when designing your pool is its intended use. Do you want to swim laps, do physical therapy, exercise, entertain guests, let the kids have some fun, or impress your neighbors? After all, you want to get a pool for a reason or a multitude of reasons to enhance your life. A pool’s intended use has arguably the greatest impact on the way it should be designed, and therefore, the needs and wants your swimming pool is intended to fulfill should be identified very early in the design process. It is also useful to recognize the pool’s primary functions to help you narrow down your design choices. In the following sections we’ll go over some of the most popular benefits people get from owning a pool, and how these impact the swimming pool’s design.

Fun and Leisure:

The most frequent motive for obtaining a swimming pool is for family fun and leisure. A backyard pool is a great place to cool off during the summer, have fun with the kids and throw some inflatable toys around. If this is your only reason for wanting a pool, then the simplest, least expensive swimming pool designs will suffice. If your budget is large, then you may want to invest in some luxury, but otherwise an above-ground pool or a shallow in-ground pool would be enough to meet your needs. A pool that’s at a constant depth of 4 feet is sufficiently deep to splash around and swim the occasional lap in, but also shallow enough to provide safety for the whole family.

Exercise:

If you want to use your pool for some serious exercise, then the dimensions of your pool require more critical consideration. For lap swimming, a pool at least 25 feet long and 3. 5 feet deep is recommended, with typical lengths ranging form 25 to 40 feet. There are also dedicated lap pools that are relatively very narrow, and therefore fit in constrained spaces. Water aerobics require some more depth to avoid touching bottom. Typically a section of the pool that’s 5 to 6 feet deep is enough for this purpose.

Another option for swimmers is the swim spa, which is a small pool, usually no more than about 12 feet in length that can generate a strong current to swim against. One can then swim against the current while remaining in place. Their small size also makes the installation of indoor swim spas a very viable option in many cases.

Parties and Entertaining Guests:

If pool parties are in your future you may have a few other design issues to think about. These largely involve the landscaping and design of the area surrounding the pool. You may want to surround the pool with a patio or a deck, add a pool house, a gazebo, an outdoor bar, furniture, etc. In addition, you may want the pool itself to be designed for looks, with a stylish shape, rather than just for functionality. Carefully hiding pool equipment will also make the pool area more appealing.

Relaxation:

Spending time at your pool can be very relaxing, and the proper amenities will make it even more enjoyable. An addition of a spa or a hot tub to the pool area is a great complement to the swimming pool itself. Like pools, these come in the in-ground, and portable, above-ground varieties. An in-ground spa is typically connected to the pool’s filtration and heating systems. And if that’s not the case, a portable spa is a much more economical option.

If you’re going to spend time pool-side sunbathing, be sure to leave the space for it. And if you opt for the above-ground pool variety, the addition of a sizable pool level deck makes great sense.

10 Phases of Swimming pool Construction

Building an inground swimming pool is the culmination of 10 different phases of swimming pool construction. This article will give you a brief understanding of the construction cycle. And it all begins with, the desire to have a pool in your own backyard.

Design & Engineering

The first place most homeowners look for qualified swimming pool contractors is the local phone book, and by word of mouth from others who have built a pool. After the initial interview process, you will have a good idea what your swimming pool will cost to have built. The contractor or consultant will provide a design and a complete bid for your acceptance. With a contract in hand, the contractor will obtain all necessary engineering from a qualified structural engineer. The contractor will then submit for permits from the local jurisdiction. At this point, it might also be necessary for the contractor to apply for a Home Owners Association(HOA) approval depending on your local community requirements. Once the building permit is obtained, the construction kicks off in high gear.

Layout & Excavation

This is one of the most exciting phases of swimming pool construction, excavation. Excavation is the digging and forming of the swimming pool. The very first thing the excavation crews do is the pregrade. Pregrade is the clearing of the pool site and the grading of the area for the swimming pool. This allows the crew to paint on the ground the final shape of your pool and at the same time the crew will stake the perimeter of the pool and add forms for the structure of the pool. The typical time needed to dig a pool depends on various factors. These factors include: access, soil conditions, and overall size and depth of the pool. Most pools these days are dug in 1 to 2 days.

Rough Plumbing & Electrical

Once the pool is dug, it’s time to move on to the rough plumbing and electrical. This is where all of the trenches will be dug for all the pipes and conduits necessary to operate your pool. Sometimes, the rough plumbing & electrical will be broken down in a couple of parts, otherwise all trenching and installation of the pipes and conduits will be done at the same time. This includes installation of the suction and return lines, water-feature lines, vacuum cleaner lines, fill lines, solar inlet and returns, gas lines for swimming pool heater and future barbecues and firepits, and the electrical service line. In most cases this will take 2-3 days to complete, and may be done either before, during or after steel.

Steel

The steel phase is the addition of rebar formed in the ultimate shape of the pool. A rebar contractor will “tie” the steel using bailing wire in a grid pattern determined by the structural engineer. A good crew will normally take less than a day to tie the steel depending on the size, shape and any raised walls or bond beams.

Gunite or Shotcrete

Up until this time, your backyard will look like one big disaster area, with trenches running here and there and a big hole in your yard with a criss-cross pattern of rebar running through. Gunite or Shotcrete is the application of the concrete to the pool surface, it makes the shell of your pool. The crews will arrive and via a hose will apply the concrete in the end, the pool will have a close to finish look. The benches installed, and the pool walls and floor will have been completed. This will also be one of the first times you will be required to be actively involved in the construction of your pool. For the next 7 to 10 days, you will be required to hose down the swimming pool shell two and three times a day with water to help cure the gunite or shotcrete. You will be truly amazed at how much water the pool structure adsorbs.

Tile & Rock

After the installation of the gunite or shotcrete, the waterline tile and any rock or boulders will be installed on your pool. The tile is necessary to provide an easy surface to keep clean at the waterline. Rock or boulders are added to incorporate a natural “swimming hole” look and feel and for waterfalls and jump rocks. For pools with the contemporary look or classic style, tile is incorporated into the design and is applied not only to the water line, but also to any raise walls or water-features.

Decking

(Concrete, Pavers, Trex, Tile, Stone, etc. )#) With the tile installed, the next addition to your swimming pool project is the decking. Now where I grew up, decking was always associated with wood, and redwood was king. But when i got involved in the swimming pool industry, deck was the item that surrounded the pool. For the majority of swimming pool owners, the deck of choice is concrete. Concrete is durable and inexpensive when compared to the other options being, grass or landscaping, tile, stone, pavers and natural or synthetic wood products. The installation of decking takes a minimum of a couple of days for forming and finishing, or it can require multiple days and weeks depending on the surface. The deck crew will also be responsible for installing the equipment pad, where all the pumps, filters, heaters and other equipment necessary to operate your pool will be located.

Equipment Set

The excitement builds, you’re almost done and ready to swim. At equipment set, either your pool service company or the plumbing and electrical company will return to install all of the equipment. The lights will be installed, control panels will be hooked-up, all pumps, heater and filter will be mounted to the equipment pad and plumbed. This normally is routinely completed within one to two days. All ready for the filling of your pool with water. But wait, we’re missing the all important pool surface.

Plaster

Plaster provides the waterproofing surface for your pool. Plaster comes in many different forms from plain-old, to pebble and polished surfaces. Typically, this can be done in a day. And for those of you where money is no object, this can be an all tile pool surface complete with Grecian borders. After the swimming pool finish has been applied, now is the time to start filling your pool.

Construction Clean-Up and Start-Up

Once the bulk of the construction is complete, all excess and left over materials will be removed from the pool site. All empty boxes will be hauled to the dumps, and finally, your backyard will be ready to be enjoyed and not looking like a disaster zone. The last item left to do is to start up the pool. The start up process assures all equipment is operating and the swimming pool has all of the necessary chemicals to prevent algae and other problems. Now it’s your turn to start reaping all of the benefits of swimming pool ownership.

This has been a brief article describing the inground swimming pool process for gunite or shotcrete pools. A swimming pool is the culmination of many individual persons, each an experienced veteran of his or her trade. For most homeowners, a licensed contractor can guide them through the process. For others, the option of building their own pool and acting as their own general contractor can save them thousands of dollars but requires a deeper level of understanding.